Autism or autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a disorder of brain development leading to difficulty with social interaction and communication skills. Individuals with autism may have stereotyped or repetitive behavior. The effects of autism can range from mild to severe.
Autism does not affect all individuals in the same way or to the same degree. Some children with autism show signs early in their development while others may not show symptoms for several years. People with autism often have difficulty relating to others. Communication may be challenging. Autism can cause oversensitivity to sound and touch.
Early intervention can help autistic children reach their full potential. Early intervention may include physical, occupational, and speech therapy. A variety of behavioral and communication approaches aimed at providing structure and organization are available. There are no medications to cure autism, but medication is sometimes used to manage symptoms.
Children with autism should receive well child care and vaccinations according to the routine schedule. Your child’s primary care provider may recommend additional visits for follow up. Children under three years of age can receive early intervention through the Connecticut Birth to Three System. After three years of age children are eligible to receive services through the public school system.